Yervandashat

Yervandashat (Armenian: Երվանդաշատ), was an Armenian city and one of the 13 historic capitals of Armenia, serving as a capital city between 210 and 176 BC during the Orontid rule over Armenia and the beginning of their successors; the Artaxiad dynasty.

History
Yervandashat was built around 210 BC by the last Orontid king Orontes IV of Armenia. It was at a height on the right bank of Aras River, in the Arsharunik canton of Ayrarat province of Armenia Major. Its site is 1 km east of the modern Armenian village of Yervandashat, in the current Turkish Province of Iğdır.

According to Movses Khorenatsi, Orontes founded Yervandashat to replace Armavir as his capital after Armavir had been left dry by a shift of the Arax River.

Ancient Yervandashat was destroyed by the army of the Persian King Shapur II in the 360s AD.

The archaeological site has not been subject of major research, but preliminarily, the fortifications and some remains of palaces have been uncovered.

Yervandashat is a village in the Armavir Province of Armenia. The village has a ruined basilica dated to the fourth or fifth century and the Saint Shushanik church of the tenth to seventeenth century.

Old Yervandashat

Just outside of the modern village are the ruins of ancient Yervandashat, a city founded by King Orontes IV (the last of the Orontid dynasty), in the 3rd century BCE. The ancient town sits upon an escarpment overlooking the junction of the Arax River and Akhurian River. According to Movses Khorenatsi, Orontes founded Yervandashat to replace Armavir as his capital after Armavir had been left dry by a shift of the Arax. The archaeological site has not been subject of major research, but preliminarily, the fortifications and some remains of palaces have been uncovered. Ancient Yervandashat was destroyed by the army of the Persian King Shapur II in the 360s.

Nearby cities: Yerevan, Kars, Erciş (Ancient Arjesh)
Coordinates: 40°7’1″N 43°39’7″E