- General Information
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Ilgarini Cave;The cave located in Yamanlar Village in Pinarbasi District of Kastamonu Province is situated on the extension of Sorkun Plateau.
The cave with a total height of 860 m. has a depth of -250 m. It is 1250 m. high above the sea level. The cave formed in 4th and 5th period is fourth biggest cave of the world. There are 1 million years old stalagmites and stalactites inside the 10 million years old cave formation. It contains two sections including horizontal one and reactive vertical one. There are house ruins and cisterns supposed to belong to Roman-Byzantium period at the entrance mouth. Also, a road made by humans by spreading with stones at the beginning of the vertical section. It has 24 spirals. There is a 52 m. deep and 30 m. diameter pit at the farther part of the road. Then, a lake like siphon whose floor is covered with white travertine at -250 m. is reached by walking. Fossilized branch is covered with beautiful cave formations in shape of travertine and chandelier. The formations in the saloons to which some branches hard to reach lead have been protected till today, and they are still continuing to develop.
Varla Canyon, Ilgarini Cave and the environments of Kastamonu are chosen as the model project site by United Nations Development Program and FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) along with the Minister of Forest. Ilgarini Cave was chosen as the 4th biggest cave by FAO.