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Adıyaman Province (Turkish: Adıyaman ili is a province) in south-central Turkey. It was created in 1954 out of part of Malatya Province. It has an area of 7,606.16 km² and a population of 590,935 (2010 est.), up from 513,131 in 1990. The capital is Adıyaman.
The area has been inhabited since the earliest times and many civilisations have settled there. There are places of historical interest that attract visitors. Nemrud Dağı is a major site of interest there, noted for its sanctuary of statues built by Antiochus I Theos of Commagene. It is accessed through the town of Kâhta.
A branch of the large Atatürk reservoir lies between Adıyaman and the town of Samsat. Kurds are a majority in the province.