HISTORICAL SITES

Ancient Historic Buildings,Historical Sites in Turkey

Find Ancient Historic Buildings, Historical Sites, in Turkey. View historical places on an interactive map, entry details, directions, key info and more. Istanbul, Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Ephesus, Side and more…

Travellers' Choice Awards. Find out what the best Historical Sites in Turkey are as awarded by real travellers.



AIZANOI

AIZANOI; Aizanoi houses ancient Roman ruins including a stadium, gymnasium, theatre and an impressive Temple of Zeus.

ALANYA CASTLE

ALANYA CASTLE; With Hellenistic foundations, this magnificent Seljuk ruin sits atop a 250m high peninsular overlooking the Mediterranean sea.

ALANYA CITADEL

ALANYA CITADEL; Part of Alanya Castle, the Citadel (or Ickale) dates back to the 6th century and offers magnificent views.

ANADOLU HISARI

ANADOLU HISARI; Anadolu Hisari was built by the Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I in 1395.

ANTALYA MUSEUM

ANTALYA MUSEUM; The Antalya Museum contains thousands of ancient and prehistoric artifacts.

ANZAC COVE

ANZAC COVE; Anzac Cove was the landing site for Australian and New Zealand troops in the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I.

APHRODISIAS

APHRODISIAS; The ancient city of Aphrodisias was named after the Goddess of Love; Aphrodite. Established in what is now modern day Turkey in the 6th century BC, it expanded into the thriving capital of the surrounding region.

ARI BURNU CEMETERY

ARI BURNU CEMETERY; Ari Burnu Cemetery is a World War I Commonwealth cemetery in the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey.

ASPENDOS ROMAN THEATRE

ASPENDOS ROMAN THEATRE; Aspendos Roman Theatre is a large and beautifully preserved Ancient Roman site in Turkey.

ASSOS

ASSOS; The city of Assos was founded by Ancient Greeks from the 7th century BC. The ancient ruined city is crowned by an impressive temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena.

BEYLERBEYI PALACE

BEYLERBEYI PALACE; Beylerbeyi Palace is a nineteenth century palace built to house important guests.

BODRUM CASTLE

BODRUM CASTLE; Bodrum Castle is a 15th century citadel built by Christian knights and houses the Museum of Underwater Archaeology.

BODRUM MUSEUM OF UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY

BODRUM MUSEUM OF UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY; The Museum of Underwater Archaeology in Bodrum exhibits treasures from underwater excavations including one of the earliest shipwrecks ever found.

CAPPADOCIA UNDERGROUND CITIES

CAPPADOCIA UNDERGROUND CITIES; The Cappadocia Underground Cities are incredible Christian subterranean fortified cities in Turkey protected by UNESCO.

CARRHAE BATTLEFIELD

CARRHAE BATTLEFIELD; Carrhae Battlefield was the setting for one of the most crushing Roman defeats, inflicted at the hands of the Parthians.

CATALHOYUK

CATALHOYUK; Catalhoyuk is the site of an important Neolithic town in Turkey.

CHURCH OF SAINT NICHOLAS, MYRA

CHURCH OF SAINT NICHOLAS, MYRA; One of the oldest surviving churches in the world, this church and museum looks at the life of Saint Nicholas, aka Santa Claus.

DERINKUYU UNDERGROUND CITY

DERINKUYU UNDERGROUND CITY; Derinkuyu Underground City is the most famous of the Cappadocia subterranean cities built by early Christians and protected by UNESCO.

DIDYMA

DIDYMA; Didyma in Turkey contains the ruins of the temple of Apollo, which was one of the most important oracles of the Hellenic world.

DOLMABAHCE PALACE

DOLMABAHCE PALACE; Dolmabahce Palace is an opulent nineteenth century palace which twice served as the seat of the Ottoman Empire.

EPHESUS

EPHESUS; Ephesus in Turkey represents some of the best preserved Greek and Roman ruins in the Mediterranean.

GALATA TOWER

GALATA TOWER; Galata Tower is a medieval turreted tower first built by the Genoese in 1348.

GAZIANTEP ZEUGMA MOSAIC MUSEUM

GAZIANTEP ZEUGMA MOSAIC MUSEUM; This astonishing museum features thousands of square feet of lovingly restored mosaics from the Roman town of Zeugma.

GEMILER ISLAND

GEMILER ISLAND; A tiny island located just off the Turkish mainland, Gemiler Island is packed with Byzantine remains including a number of ancient churches.

GOBEKLI TEPE

GOBEKLI TEPE; Göbekli Tepe is a fascinating Neolithic site said to be home to the oldest temple in the World.

GORDION

GORDION; Gordion is an ancient Phrygian city which today contains the astounding burial mound said to belong to King Midas.

GOREME OPEN AIR MUSEUM

GOREME OPEN AIR MUSEUM; Located in the picturesque Goreme Valley, Goreme’s open air museum is one of the most accessible ways to explore the region’s ancient rock-cut churches.

HADRIAN’S GATE

HADRIAN’S GATE; Hadrian’s Gate is an Ancient Roman monument in Antalya built in honour of the Emperor Hadrian.

HAGIA SOPHIA

HAGIA SOPHIA; Hagia Sophia is a world famous sixth century church turned mosque in Istanbul.

HAGIA SOPHIA, TRABZON

HAGIA SOPHIA, TRABZON; A thirteenth century church, a fifteenth century mosque and a twentieth century museum, the Trabzon Hagia Sophia has a fascinating history and boasts a wealth of ancient art and frescoes.

HAIDAR PASHA CEMETERY

HAIDAR PASHA CEMETERY; The Haidar Pasha Cemetery in Turkey is the final resting place of thousands of Crimean War soldiers.

HATAY MUSEUM

HATAY MUSEUM; Hatay Museum in Antakya explores the history of the famous ancient city of Antioch. Among a host of other artefacts is a collection of exquisite Roman mosaics.

HATTUSHA

HATTUSHA; Hattusha is one of Turkey’s great ruins of the capitals of the Hittite Empire and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

HIERAPOLIS

HIERAPOLIS; Hierapolis was once a thriving, multicultural ancient city and spa, the remains of which can now be seen in modern day Turkey.

HILL 60 CEMETERY

HILL 60 CEMETERY; The Hill 60 Cemetery is a Commonwealth World War I military cemetery in Gallipoli.

IHLARA VALLEY

IHLARA VALLEY; The Ihlara Valley is famous for a number of rock-carved ancient churches known for their ornate frescoes depicting biblical events.

ISTANBUL ARCHAEOLOGY MUSEUM

ISTANBUL ARCHAEOLOGY MUSEUM; The Istanbul Archaeology Museum houses around a million artefacts from an impressive range of cultures and periods.

ISTANBUL MARITIME MUSEUM

ISTANBUL MARITIME MUSEUM; The Istanbul Maritime Museum exhibits a variety of ships, weapons, works of art and artifacts relating to Turkey’s naval history.

ISTANBUL MOSAIC MUSEUM

ISTANBUL MOSAIC MUSEUM; The Istanbul Mosaic Museum contains the amazing remains of mosaics excavated the Great Palace of Constantinople built during the Byzantine period.

KABATEPE MUSEUM

KABATEPE MUSEUM; Kabatepe Museum in Turkey is dedicated to the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I.

KAUNOS

KAUNOS; Kaunos contains the remains of an ancient Carian city and includes a host of Hellenic, Roman and Byzantine remains – particularly its impressive theatre.

KAYAKOY

KAYAKOY; The abandoned town of Kayakoy bears witness to the 1920s population swap between Greece and Turkey. Today visitors can explore this deserted town, including its houses and churches.

KAYMAKLI UNDERGROUND CITY

KAYMAKLI UNDERGROUND CITY; Kaymaklı Underground City is a large subterranean city in central Turkey built by early Christians and part of a UNESCO site.

KIZILKULE

KIZILKULE; Part of Alanya Castle, the Kizilkule or Red Tower was built in 1226 and stands 29 meters high.

KNIDOS

KNIDOS; The picturesque remains of the ancient city of Knidos are a popular tourist attraction, as much for the beautiful coastal views as for the archaic ruins.

LAODIKEIA

LAODIKEIA; Laodikeia was an Ancient Greek then Roman city, which is now represented by a set of ruins.

LONE PINE CEMETERY

LONE PINE CEMETERY; Lone Pine Cemetery is a Commonwealth graveyard for soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I and also a battle site.

LONE PINE MEMORIAL

LONE PINE MEMORIAL; The Lone Pine Memorial commemorates Anzac soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I.

MAUSOLEUM OF MAUSOLUS

MAUSOLEUM OF MAUSOLUS; The Mausoleum of Mausolus was one of the most impressive tombs of its time, but has since been entirely destroyed.

MILETUS

MILETUS; Miletus was an important ancient Greek then Roman city, which still has an impressive theatre, but relatively few other ruins.

MUSEUM OF ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS

MUSEUM OF ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS; With a collection spanning around 10,000 years housed in two magnificent Ottoman buildings, the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is a must-see for any visitor to Ankara.

MUSEUM OF TURKISH AND ISLAMIC ARTS

MUSEUM OF TURKISH AND ISLAMIC ARTS; The Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts is a site through which visitors can explore both the cultural and political history of Turkey.

MYRA

MYRA; Myra has one of the best-preserved collections of ancient ruins, and is a perfect place to experience an illustrious period of Greek and Roman history being brought back to life.

NEMRUT

NEMRUT; Nemrut in Turkey is the site of the eminently impressive 1st century BC tomb of King Antiochus I Epiphanes.

OLYMPOS

OLYMPOS; Olympos is truly a stunning destination, a playground for pirates; these ancient ruins tell a story that blurs the line between myth and reality.

OZKONAK UNDERGROUND CITY

OZKONAK UNDERGROUND CITY; Ozkonak is one of many examples of an underground city in Cappadocia which was carved into the mountains in ancient times. It is smaller but far quieter than many of the other underground cities in the region.

PATARA

PATARA; Patara not only has a rich and varied history, the former Lycian port town is situated in a beautiful corner of Turkey, alongside a 20km long white sand beach.

PERGAMUM

PERGAMUM; Pergamum was a thriving ancient Greek then Roman city, home to famous sites such as its Asclepion, theatre and library.

PERGE

PERGE; Perge is a Turkish archaeological site containing mostly Roman ruins, but has a history dating back to Ancient Greece.

PHASELIS

PHASELIS; Phaselis is an exquisite ancient site, where the ruins lie scattered amongst pine trees and the beautiful Mediterranean coast.

PRIENE

PRIENE; Priene is a quiet, picturesque ancient Greek city in Turkey which boasts some amazing historical remains without the crowds of the nearby sites.

QUINN’S POST CEMETERY

QUINN’S POST CEMETERY; Quinn’s Post Cemetery is a World War I Commonwealth cemetery in the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey.

RUMELI FORTRESS

RUMELI FORTRESS; The Rumeli Fortress was built by Mehmet the Conqueror as part of his campaign to capture Constantinople.

SAGALASSOS

SAGALASSOS; Sagalassos is an active archaeological site in southwest Turkey which contains mostly Hellenistic and Ancient Roman ruins, some of them very well preserved.

SIDE RUINS AND MUSEUM

SIDE RUINS AND MUSEUM; Impressive ruins and a fascinating museum, Side hosts a wealth of Graeco-Roman remains and the impressive amphitheatre is a particular highlight.

SIMENA

SIMENA; The ruins of Simena are spread along beautiful beaches and submerged under crystal clear waters. Enjoy spectacular views from the crusader castle or explore an authentic Lycian Necropolis.

ST SAVIOR IN CHORA

ST SAVIOR IN CHORA; St Savior in Chora is an eleventh century church turned mosque and, more recently, a museum known as Kariye Muzesi.

SUMELA MONASTERY

SUMELA MONASTERY; A 13th century monastery nestled into the cliff-face of the Zigana Mountains, this picturesque Byzantine monastery is located in a scenic, mountainous setting.

TERMESSOS

TERMESSOS; Nestled on the slopes of the Güllük Mountain the majestic ruins of the ancient city of Termessos are surrounded by outstanding natural beauty.

THE BASILICA CISTERN

THE BASILICA CISTERN; The Basilica Cistern is an underground wonder and one of Istanbul’s best Byzantine sites.

THE BLUE MOSQUE

THE BLUE MOSQUE; The Blue Mosque was the ambitious creation of a young sultan and would become one of Istanbul’s most iconic sites.

THE CANAKKALE MARTYRS MEMORIAL

THE CANAKKALE MARTYRS MEMORIAL; The Canakkale Martyrs Memorial commemorates the Turkish soldiers who died in the Gallipoli Campaign.

THE FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE MUSEUM

THE FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE MUSEUM; The Florence Nightingale Museum in Turkey gives a glimpse into the work and hospital of the Lady of the Lamp.

THE HELLES MEMORIAL

THE HELLES MEMORIAL; The Helles Memorial commemorates Commonwealth and French casualties from the Gallipoli Campaign.

THE HILL 60 NEW ZEALAND MEMORIAL

THE HILL 60 NEW ZEALAND MEMORIAL; The Hill 60 New Zealand Memorial in Turkey commemorates the missing New Zealand soldiers who fought in the Battle of Hill 60 in 1915.

TOPKAPI PALACE

TOPKAPI PALACE; Topkapı Palace is a fifteenth century former residence of the Ottoman Sultans and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

TROIA

TROIA; Troia Historic Site located in Canakkale, Troia is identified with the legend of the Trojan Horse which has its roots in one of the greatest epics, created by Homer.

VAN CASTLE

VAN CASTLE; Van Castle was built in the Iron Age as part of the Urartu Kingdom and now stands as a stunning ruin in modern Turkey.

YEDIKULE ZINDANLARI

YEDIKULE ZINDANLARI; Yedikule Zindanlari is an impressive Byzantine and medieval fort in Istanbul.

ZEUGMA

ZEUGMA; The remains of this important Roman city are under excavation in Turkey. Though not open to the public, many finds from the site can be seen in the Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum.


View our Tips & Articles. and see the stories